Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) are carried out whenever an investment project has the potential to produce negative environmental and/or social impacts. These are usually made available to the communities that might be affected, and to society at large. Adequate social assessments contribute not only to promote the social viability of investment projects, but also to manage adequately the likely adverse impact that those projects might have on the lives of the affected population.
This blog post identifies five major limitations in the production of the EIAs’ social component, whose combined effect could undermine EIAs quality and even thwart the purpose behind them. The points identified are based on an iterative analysis of EIAs carried out for different investment projects in several Latin American countries, particularly in sectors like transportation and energy.
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Five Challenges Posed by the Social Component of Environmental Impact Assessments